As soon as the agreements go beyond the regional level, they need help. The World Trade Organization intervenes at this stage. This international body contributes to the negotiation and implementation of global trade agreements. There are currently a number of free trade agreements in the United States. These include multi-nation agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which includes the United States, Canada and Mexico, and the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), which includes most Central American nations. There are also separate trade agreements with nations, from Australia to Peru. The Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is an important step towards the integration of competition and includes a single economic market, a common trade policy, a single currency and a common monetary policy. A government does not need to take concrete steps to promote free trade. This upside-down attitude is called “laissez-faire trade” or trade liberalization. Together, these agreements mean that about half of all goods entering the United States enter duty-free, according to the government. The average import duty on industrial products is 2%. Below, you can see a map of the world with the biggest trade deals in 2018. Pass the cursor over each country for a rounded breakdown of imports, exports and balances.
In the first two decades of the agreement, regional trade increased from about $290 billion in 1993 to more than $1 trillion in 2016. Critics are divided on the net impact on the U.S. economy, but some estimates amount to $15,000 a year for the net loss of jobs domestic territory as a result of the agreement. There is also a potential disadvantage for a single member in the distribution of customs revenue. Members who trade relatively more with non-EU countries, such as the United Kingdom, may not receive their “fair share” of customs revenue. Overall, the United States currently has 14 trade agreements involving 20 different countries. There are pros and cons of trade agreements. By removing tariffs, they reduce import prices and consumers benefit from them. However, some domestic industries are suffering. They cannot compete with countries with lower standards of living. This allows them to leave the store and make their employees suffer.