Following its launch in December 2017, the FRF was able to facilitate several 15-month negotiations between the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement of Sudan and the government (SPLM/A-IG), Riek Machar Teny Dhurgons Sudan People`s Liberation Movement and Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) and other opposition political parties that eventually culminated in ARCS R. The R-ARCSS was preceded by five important agreements between parties and stakeholders in the conflict in South Sudan: in terms of scope, the R-ARCSS covers issues relating to the governance structures and institutions of the Transitional Government of National Unity (UNTTR) prior to the transition period and the relaunched transitional government; a permanent ceasefire and security measures for transitional security, humanitarian aid and reconstruction agreements; an agreed framework for managing resources, the economy and the economy; The agreed principles and structures for transitional justice, accountability, reconciliation and healing; The parameters for managing the ongoing constitutional process; creation of the Joint Supervisory and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); and operational procedures and amendments to the agreement. The agreement covers a wide range of issues essential to achieving peace in South Sudan. It reveals a sophisticated concept of power-sharing, outlines the infrastructure needed for a lasting ceasefire and security in the country, outlines the process of facilitating access to humanitarian aid, sets out pathways for the administration of economic and financial resources, sets the way forward for justice and accountability in the area of transition, defines mechanisms for establishing a permanent constitution, and describes how the agreement should be incorporated into the Constitution of South Sudan. With regard to the previous challenge, the lack of agreement to address some of the main causes of the conflict in South Sudan. Some of the most serious causes of the conflict, as also noted in the final report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan in 2014, includes the lack of strong democratic institutions and the continuous mix of personal interests, ethnic and national, as well as the unequal distribution of resources in South Sudan.10 Chapter 1 The transitional institutions and mechanisms provisions and Chapter 4 The provisions on resources, economic and financial management – which together seek to address some of the root causes of the conflict – have long been anchored in previous peace agreements, but have not made any changes.