Two defence cooperation agreements between the United States and Sri Lanka, the acquisition and cross-service agreement already signed (ACSA) and the under-negotiated Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), are causing concern, criticism and controversy on the Indian Ocean island. (14) If the above is acceptable to the Government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, the message proposes that this note, together with the ministry`s response, constitutes an agreement between the two governments, which will come into force at the time of the ministry`s response. “The discussion policy agreement appears to be aimed at streamlining procedures for authorizing the U.S. military`s visit,” said Nilanthi Samaranayake, director of strategy and political analysis at CNA, a non-profit research organization in the Washington area. Sri Lankans, however, remain skeptical. Part of the problem lies in the fact that there is “little information in public opinion” about the “specificities” of the agreements. One of the clauses of the contract explicitly concerns the waiver of rules or conditions relating to the allocation of equipment, equipment and supplies for services, including constructions to be “established and implemented in Sri Lanka”. COLOMBO (Reuters) – The United States wants a special forces cooperation agreement with Sri Lanka to avoid bureaucracy and has no intention of establishing a military base in the country, the U.S. ambassador to the island state said in a television interview. The footprint of the United States in all regions of the Third World in the last century has been disastrous for these countries. Readers should appeal to U.S. foreign policy and their commitments in South America, Asia and the Middle East, where millions of innocent people have died as a direct result of U.S. action.
No self-respecting poor nation would hear of such an agreement, and local officials who would allow such “arrangements” should be brought to justice for high treason. Minister Mangala Samaraweera, cited as the party that advanced sofa`s signature without consulting the Ministry of Defence, continues to assure a press conference last week that the agreement poses no danger and warns instead that the delay in signing could be jeopardized, that Sri Lanka could lose economic benefits and significant employment opportunities. However, according to a version of sofa leaked on June 30, the Sri Lankas Sunday Times, the agreement would allow the free movement and passage of U.S. military personnel, ships and aircraft into the country. The Sunday Times reported on a clause in the leaked document that removed the criminal jurisdiction of US staff during their time in Sri Lanka, prompting sharp criticism. A sofa should clarify the conditions under which the foreign army can operate. As a general rule, purely military issues, such as base location and access to facilities, are covered by separate agreements. A SOFA focuses more on legal issues related to military individuals and property. This may include issues such as entry and exit, tax obligations, postal services or the employment conditions of nationals of the host country, but the most controversial issues are the civil and criminal competences of bases and staff. In civil matters, SOFS provides for how civilian damage caused by the armed forces is determined and paid for. Criminal issues vary, but the typical provision of the United States is that U.S. courts have jurisdiction over crimes committed either by a serving member against another serving member or by a serving member as part of his or her military duty, but the host country retains jurisdiction for other crimes.
 The debate on the need for such an agreement is at the centre of the debate, especially after the Easter Sunday attacks, and it deepens a deeper rift between the country`s president, Sirisena Maithripala, and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, who are already facing a dilemma.